Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 people (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of a lot more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with approximately four.73 million people as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), a lot more than twice the dimension of Tucson and one particular of the biggest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a sizzling desert climate. Despite this, its canal system led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the authentic settler’s crops remaining crucial elements of the Phoenix economy for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper have been identified locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally soon after World War II, when higher-tech companies started to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix’s sizzling summers a lot more bearable.
The city averaged a 4 % annual population development price more than a forty–yr period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development price slowed throughout the Great Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.